Thesis 2017, Xiaoyu Li

Thesis 2017, Xiaoyu Li

Smart skin:
Parametric Environmentally Optimized Façade Solution for the Shanxi Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Training Center Building.

Abstract
This research is investigating the application of parametric tools for environmental optimization, in the design of façade systems. In particular, I will explore how the use of the LADYBUG and GRASSHOPPER, combined with digital processing technology, can contribute to the design of a shading system for the Shanxi Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Training Center Building. Through the research process of this project, I propose to develop a new unit of shading overhangs system that will be constructed with hand-made quality in the context of digital craftsmanship innovation. The cost control of this parametric shading façade is to utilize a parametric method in order to minimise the machine-use costs and resourcefully use the material. To achieve the above purposes, I conducted a literature study and a case study; the experience of FAB FEST helped me a lot during this period. At the design phase, I have achieved a façade that meets the design requirements under computer shading analysis. To reduce the influence of expected construction difficulties, I have tested my design with a 1:1 partial model that has processed by the client’s workshop. The conclusion is that a Parametric Environmentally Optimized Façade can reduce building heat gains from solar radiation. The construction cost can be controlled by appropriate unit design and parametric support. It can be properly produced by the client’s digital machining workshop and applied in the project.